Inflammation of the prostate in chronic form occurs in every second man after 40 years. In order to get rid of it, patients use different methods. But only pharmacological treatment of prostatitis is reasonable and appropriate.
Therapy is based on antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. The course is taught with immunostimulants, painkillers, bioregulatory peptides, vitamins, herbs, etc. supplemented. In most cases, prostatitis can be stopped at home, as prescribed by your doctor.
Why is antibiotics needed for prostatitis?
There are several forms of prostatitis:
- chronic aseptic,
- chronic bacterial,
- chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Regardless of whether bacteria have invaded the prostate, the world urological community recommends the use of antibiotics.
The main groups of antibacterial drugs are:
Fluoroquinolones are characterized by good permeability in prostate tissue and high bioavailability.
However, there is no difference in the way the drug is administered: internally, intramuscularly or intravenously, the effectiveness will be the same. Because of these properties, fluoroquinolones have become popular among physicians and are widely used for the pharmacological suppression of prostatitis.
Tetracyclines are used when the doctor suspects the presence of atypical forms of the bacteria. This can be confirmed by culturing prostate secretions and examining urethral smears. Tetracyclines are rarely used due to their high specificity.
Macrolides are drugs used to treat gram-positive flora.
Antibiotics in this group are effective in the presence of pathogens such as:
To determine how to treat prostatitis and which antibiotic is better to choose, you need to submit your prostate secret for research. The analysis confirms the presence of inflammation. Once the fluid has been inoculated into the medium, it will be clear which antibiotic is active in this case.
The duration of treatment is determined by periodic examination of the prostate juice. The course of treatment is usually 2-4 weeks, but can be extended based on test results.
Pain relief with NSAIDs
Most patients with prostatitis complain of pain.
It can be localized on the following body parts:
- the hip region (lower abdomen),
This symptom makes men seek medical attention. Therefore, pharmacological treatment of prostatitis is supplemented by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
NSAIDs topically relieve inflammation, edema, improve blood circulation. As a result, the pain syndrome disappears. A lasting effect can only be achieved by taking NSAIDs in combination with other medicines.
Devices to improve the quality of urination
Dysuria is a common complaint in men with prostatitis.
The following symptoms can be identified during the interview:
- frequent toilet trips,
- feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder,
- slow urination
- a mixture of blood in the urine
- cramps while urinating
- urge to change body position,
- nocturnal urination, etc.
All of these signs of the disease significantly reduce the quality of life of patients. You can get rid of them by using alpha-blockers.
The effectiveness of the funds is based on the effect on the muscle elements of the bladder, its neck and the initial stages of the urethra.
Use alpha-blockers to make the following changes:
- shortens urination time,
- reduce the number of trips to the toilet,
- get rid of the night rise,
- improves urine stream pressure, etc.
The funds of this group have to be used for a long time. Urologists recommend a six-month course of therapy. This will help prevent the disease from returning.
Herbs are an integral part of treatment
Recently, phytopreparations have begun to be incorporated into the treatment of prostatitis. They have a number of advantages over chemical products, which include:
- relative innocence,
- minimum number of side effects,
- possibility of use in persons with impaired hepatic and renal function,
- availability, etc.
Well-known formulations include herbal extracts. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous effects. This helps relieve swelling, which means it relieves pain and improves urination.
The main advantage of phytopreparations is the possibility of long-term use. This fact is especially important in patients who often relapse.
Men prevent exacerbations with herbal remedies. You can create a prize for the treatment of male pathology on your own at home.
Other treatments for prostatitis
Complex drug treatment of prostatitis may include the following drugs:
- bioregulatory peptides,
- vitamin complexes,
- muscle relaxants,
The combination of drugs is different. The decision to allocate each fund is made by your doctor.
The mean duration of active therapy for an exacerbation episode is 1 month.
No matter what medications are prescribed, your doctor’s recommendations should be strictly followed. The course cannot be stopped, even if the symptoms of the disease are gone.
Prostatitis often recurs. Treatment should be performed under the supervision of laboratory and ultrasound diagnostics. In this case, you can achieve maximum results.